Chapter II: social problems

Text: Smoking

 

          Men and women who formed the habit of smoking 20 years or 10 years ago did not have information. Had it been available earlier, there would no doubt be fewer smokers today- and fewer deaths from lung cancer.

          During the last 30 years, while the death rate, in general, decreased slowly and the death rate from all cancers increased, the lung cancer rate mounted rapidly. It is still mounting rapidly nowadays. The American Public Health Association estimates that, if present trends continue, about one million youngsters now in school will die of lung cancer before they reach the age of 70.

          Scientists have long suspected two factors in the rise of lung cancer; cigarettes smoking and air pollution. Statistical studies indicate that ten times as many smokers as non smokers die of lung cancer. Studies show too the more you smoke the greater the risk –in the city or in the country. Cigarette smoking has been shown to be far more important than air pollution as a causal factor in lung cancer. Laboratory studies show that the tar in cigarette smoke contains a number of agents which will produce cancer in animals. Other studies show that the cigarette smoke weakens the natural defences of the lungs. When normal cells are damaged, cancer cells may develop, grow, crowd out, and finally destroy the normal cells.

          However, the most important factor in determining whether or not a young person will begin to smoke is whether or not his parents smoke. If the parents or older brothers and sisters in a family smoke, smoking is very likely to be taken up by younger family members. According to some studies that have been made, smoking is high among young people who have fallen behind their age group at school or who are having other difficulties at school. For some young people, smoking is thought to be a rebellious reaction to various restrictions put upon them.

VOCABULARY

 

Smokers: les fumeurs

Rebellious: rebelles

Cells: les cellules

Lungs: les poumons

 

 

READING COMPREHENSION

 

First exercise

 

Answer by True or False to the following statements and justify your answer.

 

     1-People who smoked two decades ago did not have pieces the information on cigarette.

     2- Cigarettes smoking and air pollution don’t rise the rate of lung cancer.

     3-Non-smokers die of lung cancer.

     4-Smoke weakens the natural defences of the lungs.

 

 Correction

  • True because men and women who smoked 20 or 10 years ago did not have the information.(line 1-2)
  • False because cigarette smoking and air pollution are two factors in the rise of lung cancer. (line 8-9)
  • True because statistics indicate that ten times as many smokers as non –smokers die of lung cancer. (line 10)
  • True because studies show also the fact. (line14-15)

 

 Second exercise 

 

Answer to the following questions.

 

     1-According to The American Public Health Association, how many young people will die of lung cancer before the age of 70?

     2-What is the main factor that causes lung cancer?

     3-Name the substance which will produce cancer in animals?

     4-What is the most obvious factor that determines if a young person will smoke or not?

     5-What are the other reasons getting young people into cigarettes smoking?

 

                             Correction

    1-Young people who will die of lung cancer before the age of 70 are about one million.

    2-The main factor that causes lung cancer is cigarettes smoking.

    3-The substance is the tar.

    4-It is when the parents of this young person smoke.

    5-The other reason getting young people into cigarettes smoking are the followings:

       *Students who have fallen behind their age mates at school.  

       *Bad school results.

       *IT is a rebellious reaction to various restrictions put upon them.

 

Third exercise

With your neighbour gives four arguments to convince smokers to recognize the awfulness of cigarette.

 

 

HOME WORK

Write a short essay to tell us why cigarette is a bad thing for human being’s health.

 

 

 

 

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